A veterinarian gives an injection to a fish
Veterinary or veterinary medicine is the application of medical, diagnostic and therapeutic principles to productive, domestic and wild animals. The interest in the diseases of horses and mules, especially in armies, began in the past because of the importance of these animals in wars. The veterinary profession rose when it established a school of veterinary medicine in Lyon in 1861. The interests of veterinary medicine expanded and began to include almost all animals, starting with pets from cats, dogs and different birds.
Veterinary experience benefited human medicine greatly when conducting experiments on animals, as this contributed to the development of medical science, vaccines and vaccination, which were pioneered by the world Lewis Pasteur and the world Robert Koch.
Veterinary medicine is usually practiced in a veterinary clinic, veterinary hospital, or on the farm. Veterinary medicine has a major role in protecting humans from foodborne diseases. Veterinary medicine has become popular in recent years. These specialties include: anesthesia, behavioral science, dermatology, emergency medicine and intensive care, internal medicine, heart disease, cancer, ophthalmology, nerves, joint diseases, infectious diseases, reproductive and obstetrics, radiography and surgery.
Veterinary medicine in the Arab world is dominated by the medicine of production and farm animals (cows, sheep, goats, horses, poultry and fish). In industrialized countries, the medicine of companions animals is dominated by “dogs and cats” in addition to production animals.
In the Arab world there is often no veterinary assistant or nurse who helps except in some countries in the name of the veterinary assistant veterinarian and he is a specialist and a professional due to the scarcity of the graduation institutes of veterinary nurses.
The Arab world includes many colleges of veterinary medicine, distributed from the Levant to Morocco and in various teaching languages, including Arabic, English and French.
It is a branch of medical science that is concerned with the prevention, treatment or alleviation of pain from animal diseases and injuries, especially pets, including microscopic anatomy, anatomy, biochemistry, histology, genetics, bacteriology, parasitology, pathology, pharmacology, and physiology (physiology), internal medicine, surgery, and medicine Forensic, toxicology, joint pathology, infectious and epidemiological pathology, poultry pathology and other animal sciences.
Veterinarians help protect humans from more than 100 animal diseases that can be transmitted to humans. More than 60% of veterinarians treat animals. But in recent years, where densely populated areas are located, many veterinarians are limited to treating pets. Some of them specialize in treating some animals, such as horses, cattle, poultry, and zoo animals. Some are concerned with animal medical problems such as ophthalmologists, dermatologists, radiologists and diseases. There are a number of them who specialize in teaching and research where they manufacture the drug for humans and animals. There are a few veterinarians working as managers of beef fattening farms, large dairy plants and many poultry farms that are constantly increasing in number. Few veterinarians are now working in crossbreeding, as the fertilized egg is transferred from the highest quality donor animal to the lower quality of the uterus of the cow. In the seventh century AH / thirteenth century A.D., Sahib Tajuddin wrote in his book Veterinary and he talked about horses, donkeys, and mules, their characteristics, physical faults, and birth defects. And faults from the lesions and vermin bites and swallowed the seven. He detailed the names of all the ailments and diseases starting from the head to their reproductive diseases. Among the examples of what the owner Taj Al-Din referred to is that he may expose horses and cats in her teeth and molars ills from two strikes: one is natural and the other is accidental, as for normal, it is the replacement of teeth and molars, and that is different in times and times, and as the growths growing on them at different times. The Persians call it in the characteristics of animals (and “Ardendan”) and its interpretation is the teeth of the camel. And the animal hurts Severe enough to prevent it from fodder and to treat what happened from these harmful things to the tank, as it is what we describe to you.
Veterinary students in the United States are training at a horse clinic in August 2006.
As for what were the appendages of the teeth that are called (Astartandan) and of their genera of this kind of twisting of teeth, fangs and molars, and spreading them or breaking some of them until the tongue comes out and harms the animal. Its origins, bends, and excessive deviations from the natural moderation limit of files, so that it can rotate to a state similar to the state of moderation, and to compare it to that as much as possible. As for what was hurt, broken, broken, or moved, with ointments and dressings as to what we remembered. The owner indicated the crown of religion in the treatment of dental movement that “Halit is taken with a bit of oil and then drips into the origins of the teeth, it is beneficial, God willing, and for him also a black seed is taken and fried then crushed with cultured vinegar Then it drips on the origins of the teeth and also has the movement of teeth and molars, swelling, pain and other things that happen to it: take chopsticks sticks, dry and dry, pour on them, deftly what they age, then boil them over the fire until half of it remains, then take his sponge after it filters that vinegar and a period until it can be stuck with it Teeth, blotting and moving molars, it is beneficial to him A, God willing, will benefit from this illness. It is a prescription medication: It takes pomegranate peels, porridge, frankincense and lean shells, crush them, sift them, knead them with vinegar, and paste them onIn places that are suffering from teeth, moving molars, and on the amour and the flesh of the gums, it tightens and strengthens them and connects the tongue and holds it out for an hour, then it is washed with cold water and released, and it prevents the animal from barley and dryness, and its fodder becomes green, such as moisture, hashish, and the like, such as wet fodder.
Traditional Arab literature in zoology and veterinary medicine
Because the animal was the main pillar of the life of the first Arab. Their country is a desert, the profession of grazing and trade, and the sale of animals is their economy. It is the mainstay of their life, including food from milk and flesh, and among them is housing from tents, including clothing. Would and wanton. They studied his prints to protect themselves and their pets from him, so they wrote the most beautiful poetry and wrote the most wonderful literary writings. And they gave evidence in the veterinary medicine sciences as no other people indicated, so the veterinary writings in the Arab heritage were ammunition and powerful from the extreme countries of the Islamic nation to the maximum .. And they wrote in various veterinary arts. They wrote general books on animals, for example:
The Animal Book of Al-Jahiz – Abu Ubaidah Muammar al-Mutha and al-Dimiri, Abu Ja`far and al-Qanzueli.
A book in the bird for Hajjaj bin Huthayah – Abu Ubaid bin Al Qasim Al-Herawi.
A book in camels like Abu Zaid Saeed Al Ansari, and there are books on serpents, scorpions, flies, and germs, and Asma`i’s books are in monsters. There are many writings on monsters, such as the tiger, fox, and wolves, in which Sahl bin Harun and Abu Ubaid al-Qasim wrote.
They also wrote in hunting:
The book of conquerors and hunting by Abu Delph 226 AH.
The Book of Hunting and Juareh of Fateh Bin Khaqan 247 AH
The book of expulsion by Ibn Abi Taher Taynor 280 AH.
Book of prey and hunting by Ahmed bin Al-Tayeb Al-Slakhi 286 AH.
Book of prey and hunting by Ibn al-Mu’tamid 296 AH.
And often in chivalry such as writings:
Muhammad bin Yaqoub bin my brother Khuzam.
Zainuddin Abdul Qadir bin Ahmed bin Ali Al-Fakhi and his book, “The joys of pleasure and guidance in throwing, racing, hunting and jihad.”
There is a science that no Arabs have preceded and no one competes with, and it is the science of “genealogy of horses” like the book:
Genealogy of horses in pre-Islamic and ignorance – Hisham bin Muhammad bin Al-Sa’ib Al-Kalbi 206 AH.
The names of horses – Abu Obaid Muammar bin Muthanna al-Taymi 209 AH.
The names of horses of the Arabs and their horsemen – Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ziyad al-Arabi 230 AH
The names and genealogy of the Arabian horses and the mention of their horsemen: Muhammad bin Al-Arabi, known as Al-Fandajai Al-Aswad, 431 AH.
The ring in the famous horse names of ignorance and Islam – Muhammad bin Kamel Al-Saji Al-Taji 697 AH.
As for what was written in horses, it is many:
Al-Khail – Al-Nafr bin Shamil 204 A.H.
Al-Khail – Qatar 206 AH.
Al-Khail – Abu Amr Al-Styani 206 A.H.
Al-Khail – Muhammad ibn Al-Muthanna Al-Basri 209 AH
Book of Persians – Abu Ubaida Muammar bin Al-Hosni 209 AH.
The Book of the Characteristics of a Horse – Abu Ubaida Muammar bin Al-Hosni 209 AH.
The Book of Horse – Abu Ubaida Muammar bin Al-Hosni 209 AH.
Book of the creation of Persians – Asma’i 215 AH.
The Book of Horse – Abdul-Malik Al-Asma’i 216 AH.
The Book of Horse – Abu Abdul Rahman Muhammad bin Muawiyah 228 AH.
The Book of Horse – Ibn Al-A’arab 231 AH.
Book of horses – Abu Nasr Ahmed bin Hashem 231 AH.
Amr Amin Abi Amr Al-Shiaani 231 AH.
Books in Al-Khail – Al-Tawzi 233 AH
They wrote in Veterinary:
Summary of Veterinary – Ibn Al-Hanaf 605 AH
Spiritual Veterinary – Yaqoub Bin Ishaq Al-Mahli 605 A.H.
Al-Mughnah in Veterinary – Malt Al-Ashraf 691 AH
Horse separation – Damietta 705 AH
All industries, Ibn al-Bitar 741 AH
The ticket in knowing the veterinary – to the Sultan on the qualification Ashan 764 AH
They wrote in Petra: It is a science related to the medicine of birds of prey
Al-Petra for Ibrahim Al-Basry
Petra, Isaac Al-Kindi
Petra Mohammed bin Abdullah bin Omar Al-Bazian
Petra Mahdi bin Ihram
Al-Petra Al-Qatrif bin Tadaqa Al-Fassai
Petra Adham bin Mariz Al-Bahly
Petra Issa bin Hassan al-Asadi
Petra as a dragon
They also wrote in some parts of the animal’s body as well as its products:
The Book of Slippers and the Book of the Saddle by Abu Ubaidah Muammar bin Al Muthanna.
The book of milk by Abi Tareed Al-Ansari.